Many people think peas are just a poor man’s meat or a cheap restaurant side-dish that puts ‘green’ on your plate.
Peas are really little powerhouses of nutrition that are a boon for your health and the whole planet. Read all their benefits, how to use them properly, and some easy recipes. We start with the benefits of this tasty powerfood.
1. Weight Management:
Peas are low fat but high everything else. A cup of peas has less than 100 calories but lots of protein, fiber and micronutrients.
2. Stomach cancer prevention:
Peas contain high amounts of a health-protective polyphenol called coumestrol. A study in Mexico City determined you only need 2 milligrams per day of this phytonutrient to prevent stomach cancer. A cup of peas has at least 10.
3. Anti-aging, strong immune system, and high energy:
This comes from the high levels of anti-oxidants including:
flavinoids: = catechin and epicatechin
carotenoid= alpha-carotene and beta-carotene
phenolic acids = ferulic and caffeic acid
polyphenols = coumestrol
4. Prevention of wrinkles, alzheimer’s, arthritis, bronchitis, osteoporosis and candida
These come from peas strong anti-inflammatory properties. Excess inflammation has also been linked to, heart disease, cancer, and aging in general. These properties include:
Pisumsaponins I and II and pisomosides A and B are anti-inflammatory phytonutrients found almost exclusively in peas.
vitamin C and vitamin E, and a good amount of the antioxidant mineral zinc
omega-3 fat in the form of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA).
5. Blood sugar regulation:
High fibre slows and protein slows down how fast sugars are digested. The anti-oxidants and anti-inflammatory prevent or reverse insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes) All carbohydrates are natural sugars and starches with no white sugars or chemicals to worry about.
6. Heart disease prevention:
The many antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds support healthy blood vessels. The formation of plaque along our blood vessel walls starts with chronic, excessive oxidative stress and inflammation.
The generous amounts of vitamin B1 and folate, B2, B3, and B6 reduce homocysteine levels which are risk factor for heart disease.
7. Healthy for the environment:
Peas work with bacteria in the soil to ‘fix’ nitrogen from the air and deposit it in the soil. This reduces the need for artificial fertilizers since one of their main ingredients is nitrogen.
After peas have been harvested the remaining plant easily breaks down to create more organic fertilizer for the soil.
Peas are also able to grow on minimal moisture so they are a perfect crop in many areas not needing irrigation or using up valuable water supplies.
8. Prevent constipation:
The high fiber content in peas improves bowel health and peristalsis.
9. Healthy bones
Just one cup of peas contain 44% of your Vitamin K which helps to anchor calcium inside the bones. It’s B vitamins also help to prevent osteoporosis.
10. Reduces bad cholesterol:
The niacin in peas helps reduce, the production of triglycerides and VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein, which results in in less bad cholesterol, increased HDL (“good”) cholesterol, and lowered triglycerides.
Interesting Facts and History:
Although considered a vegetable green peas really are a fruit since they contain seeds developed from a flower.
Green peas are the immature seed of dried peas often called field peas
Dried peas which have been eaten for over 5000 year and were a stable during the Middle Ages. Field peas were easy to grow and saved many from starving.
Fresh green peas did not become popular till the 16 century.
Peas have such high quality protein that many commercial protein powders are starting to use it. This avoids the possible side effects of soy, or dairy products. See Is Your Protein Powder Toxic?
Canada is the largest producer of peas in the world!
“We lived very simply – but with all the essentials of life well understood and provided for – hot baths, cold champagne, new peas and old brandy.” Winston Churchill
How to Buy and Cook:
Frozen peas retain their color and texture and nutritional content better than canned peas but of course fresh is even better.
Dry peas (with 16 gms of protein per cup) have almost twice the protein contents as green peas and six times the protein content of snap peas.
Both canned and frozen peas have significant amount of sodium (from 300 to 600 milligrams per cup) due to processing methods. Therefore, make sure you rinse well before using or better yet…grow your own!
When buying frozen peas, usually the “petite” brands will be less starchy and more flavorful. I personally always choose these.
When buying or using fresh peas the fresher the better as the sugar content transforms into starch. Refrigerate until use to slow down this process.
Caution Peas contain a substance called purines. People, who have problems like kidney disorder or gout, should not have green peas. This is NOT a problem for everyone else without this situation.